Definition and Types – Types of Sculpture Relief in Ancient Times

Relief is sculpture and then 3-dimensional carvings which are generally made on stone. This form of carving is generally found in temple buildings, temples, monuments and ancient historical areas. In the country, reliefs on the walls of the Borobudur temple are one example used to describe the life of the Juggernaut and its teachings. In Europe, carvings on the Parthenon archaic temple can also be seen today as Primitive Greek historical relics. 

These reliefs can be stand-alone carvings, as well as parts of other relief panels, forming a story or teaching. At Borobudur Temple itself, for example, more than 1400 snowboard reliefs are used to tell all the instructions of the Gautama Buddha.


Types – Types of Relief

• High Relief
High relief is a type of comfort with carvings that extra prominently out with a viewer of 50 percent less depth. Relief now almost displays sculptures or intact sculptures attached to the surface of the wall.
Examples of high reliefs are most of the Javanese Buddhist period statues that lean on the cofre stela, or the reliefs of the Lokapala goddess on the Prambanan temple. Another example is the reliefs in ancient Greece and Rome that were more prominent.

• Low Relief
Low relief is a type of relief with carvings that slightly protrudes from the base of the wall surface. The protrusion or depth of engraving varies and is usually only a few centimeters or a little of 50 percent the depth of the engraving dimension. Examples of low relief or sculpture are reliefs on primitive classical Javanese temples, for example the reliefs of the Borobudur temple.
• Shallow Relief
Shallow reliefs are a more shallow type of alleviation that is low relief. Comfort carvings are only thin strokes to remove background material.

• Sinking Relief
Sink relief is a type of relief where the background surface of the wall is left intact and ro? A, while carving figures are depicted as immersed in the surface of the wall. This type of relief for example is prevalent in ancient Egyptian art.

Ancient Greek
Greek artists usually form reliefs depicting military exploitation with mythical parables, for example reliefs about battles with the Athenians against Kentaur groups that symbolize a conquest of civilizations in the direction of an uncivilized nation. The Greek congregation also often presents reliefs that resemble the gods and heroes.
Roman
Compared to Greece, the Romans preferred to use documentary methods. Roman reliefs concerning battle scenes, such as those found in the Trajan Pillar, were made to show the greatness of Rome, and also to show Roman warfare costumes and equipment.
The Trajan Pillar tells of the Roman-Slovak War initiated by the Roman emperor, Trajan in an area now known as Romania. The relief is one of the most famous Roman reliefs and is an heirloom from a conservative world that is very artistic.
Its length is around 650 feet around the pillar, and actually shows more than 2, 500 people, also included other elements such as natural scenery, animals, ships, and various ornaments.
Comfort was safe from penganucran because it was made the center for Christian statues. In the Christian era after 300 Meters, the relief decorations on the door and sarcophagus were still made.